[Dnsmasq-discuss] How to configure routing via DHCP?

Simon Kelley simon at thekelleys.org.uk
Thu Feb 2 20:48:42 GMT 2006

Dirk Schenkewitz wrote:
> Hi All,
> this is not especially dnsmasq-related, only "also" :-) - but I don't know a 
> better place to ask about DHCP options than here. :-)
> For a PC that moves between 3 networks, I thought it would be nice to 
> configure some basic routing via DHCP. I found a list of DHCP-options and 
> option 33 ("Static Route") seems to be suitable, but I didn't find how to use 
> it - the comment states "static routing table", but not how that should look 
> like.
> So, my questions are:
> - Can anybody tell me how to configure routing via DHCP, with an example?
> When correctly set up, 'route' shows my routing table as follows:
> Kernel IP routing table
> Destination     Gateway         Genmask         Flags Metric Ref    Use Iface
> link-local      *          U     0      0        0 eth0
>        *            U     0      0        0 eth0
> loopback        *            U     0      0        0 lo
> default         UG    0      0        0 eth0
> The important line (and the one that does not work automatically now) is the 
> last line.

If you really want to set up static routes and use option 33 then you'll
need to do some configuration of your dhcp client: we're covered this
ground before, and the relevant information is here:


BUT: the last line in your routing table is a default route, not a
static route. (Well I guess it's a static route too, but a special case)
Because nearly everything needs a default route (sometimes it called the
"router address, because that's what it is) there is a special DHCP
option to set it: the "router" option, number three.

Because dnsmasq is very frequently run on the router, it sends by
default a router option, with a value of the IP address of the machine
running dnsmasq. If that's wrong, then a simple dhcp-option line in
/etc/dnsmasq.conf will override the default:


That's probably all you need.

> - Does anybody know a link to a good documentation of the DHCP options 
> (preferably with examples!)?

The canonical list (well, apart from new ones defined after it was
published) is RFC 2132: http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2132.html

> That is, other than dnsmasq.conf, which is IMHO very good (for me, a few short 
> examples work better than a detailed & complicated (or too short) 
> description), but dnsmasq.conf does not mention option 33. :P
> - And to get it on-topic: I don't have to worry about dnsmasq not supporting 
> this, do I? ;-)

Nope, it suppports all of them.



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